In the shlokas 3, 4, and 5, Shri Tikakruthpadacharyaru talks about the flowers that can be used for pooja
AkrItAnyapradattAni cauryAllabbAni yAni ca
shUdrAhratAni vA bhUmau patitAni tathaiva ca
EraMDrArkajapatrEShu cAhratAni karE tathA
paTAhratAni yAni syurvarjayEt tAni yatnata:
arGyapAdyAdisaMbhArAn yathAshakti vidhAya ca
ಆಕ್ರೀತಾನ್ಯಪ್ರದತ್ತಾನಿ ಚೌರ್ಯಾಲ್ಲಬ್ಬಾನಿ ಯಾನಿ ಚ
ಶೂದ್ರಾಹ್ರತಾನಿ ವಾ ಭೂಮೌ ಪತಿತಾನಿ ತಥೈವ ಚ
ಏರಂಡ್ರಾರ್ಕಜಪತ್ರೇಷು ಚಾಹ್ರತಾನಿ ಕರೇ ತಥಾ
ಪಟಾಹ್ರತಾನಿ ಯಾನಿ ಸ್ಯುರ್ವರ್ಜಯೇತ್ ತಾನಿ ಯತ್ನತ:
ಅರ್ಘ್ಯಪಾದ್ಯಾದಿಸಂಭಾರಾನ್ ಯಥಾಶಕ್ತಿ ವಿಧಾಯ ಚ
Depending on the seasons (ruthu), the flowers must be offered to Lord. It should be from once garden or from the forest. Flowers that have fragrance are eligible for pooja and few of them are Lotus (Kamala), Kewada (Ketaki), Jasmine (Malige), and Malati.
The White flowers are satvik, Red flowers are rajasic, and Black flowers are tamasic.
The flowers that are not suitable for pooja are:
- The flowers should not be bought or someone shouldn’t have given it or stolen or flowers fallen on earth; these flowers are not suitable for pooja
- The flowers should not be carried (brought) on leaves, bare hands, and clothes.
- Flowers that are faded, dead, not completely bloomed, or fragrance smelled by one and others, touched by feet
Flowers should be plucked before bathing. Flowers plucked and offered after bathing will not have any fruits, and the pooja with those flowers would go waste.
Process and prayer to pluck flowers: One should wear clean clothes, should have washed their hands, should use bamboo or grass vessels to carry the flowers.
ನಮಸ್ತೇ ಕುಸುಮಾಧಾರೇ ನಮಸ್ತೇ ಕಮಲಾಶಯೇ
ಪುಷ್ಪಾಣಿ ವಿಷ್ಣುಪೂಜಾರ್ಥಮಾಹರಿಷ್ಯೇ ತವಾಜ್ಞಯಾ
namastE kusumAdhArE namastE kamalASayE
puShpANi viShNupUjArthamAhariShyE tavAgnayA
Similar to the flowers, leaves also should be offered, and they are Tulasi, Gandha (Sandalwood), Bilva, Ashwath (Peepal), Maruga (Marjoram), Damana, Vishnuparna, Tamala (Himalayan Garcinia), Shammi (Khejari or Saangri or Prosopis), Mavu (Mango), and Malige (Jasmine).
Along with flowers and leaves, Ankuras (Blossoms) such as doorva (garike) should be offered to God.
Any offering of flowers/leaves/ankuras should be done with Tulasi leaves, without which the offering is incomplete and fruitless.